सावरकर यांचा वाढ दिवस
VEER SAVARKAR .
Vasudha Chivate 29-06-2010 Keep this message at the top of your inbox
To: R Y Deshpande, Pushkar Chivate
RELEASE FROM INTERNMENT
Savarkar was to be interned in Ratnagiri for only five years, but on four successive
occasions the British authorities increased the duration and extended the internment
to a total of 131 /2 years.
He was finally released from internment unconditionally in May 1937, by an interim
government of Jamnadas Mehta. In the meantime, Gandhism had spread over India
during the previous 22 years. Savarkar vehemently oppoped Gandhi’s philosophy,
because it destroyed the martial spirit and led to Constant capitulation to Muslim
He tried to build Hindu Mahasabha as a strong political force, a rival to the Congress
Party that had grown over 52 years, a formidable task by him indeed. This was made
more formidable by the fact that the Congress Party was already in Power in seven
provinces of India.
In April 1939, he started an unarmed struggle for seeking legitimate rights for the
Hindus of Hyderabad (Bhagyanagar). Hindus from all over India took Part in the
struggle. In the end, Nizam, the ruler of Hyderabad, was forced to grant substantial
concessions to Hindus in July of that year.
World War II started on September 3, 1939. In that war, Savarkar saw an excellent
opportunity to impart military training to Hindus. It must be remembered that by
1939 the Indian Army was 75% Muslim. The same trend was being followed in the
Navy and the Air Force, which were just formed.
Savarkar, by his persisrent campaigns and encouragement to the Hindu Youth,
changed this situation and eventually Hindus came to occupy 75% of the
positions in the armed forces. And it was these soldiers who formed the
backbone of the Indian National Army of Subhash Chandra Bose. Bose’s
attempt was to overthrow the British by force of arms.
It did not succeed, but it eventually forced the British to withdraw from India.
However, instead of admiring Savarkar’s foresight, Congressites had constantly
twisted the facts and called Savarkar an agent of the British, when the Congress
Party was engaged in life and death freedom struggle’.
In a speech in 1938, Savarkar warned Hindus not to vote for the Congress Party.
He said, “If by voting for Congress, you have decided to commit suicide, not even
Lord Brahma (the creator) can save you.” Unfortunately, that is exactly what
Happened, in that Congress was voted to power in 1946. During the crucial
elections of 1945/46, Congress leaders had declared,” We will oppose the
partition of India tooth and nail.
Enough is enough. There shall no longer be any. capitulation to the Muslim League.
If they create any problems. they will be crushed, Sword will be met with sword.”
Congress won handsomely. Hindu Mahasabha lost heavily. And yet, they were the
same Congress leaders who conceded to the partition of India in June 1947. They
shamelessly witnessed the slaughter, looting, molestation of women, and many
other indescribable barbarities committed on Hindus by Muslims in Pakistan,
whthout raising a finger.
Nehru-Liakat Ali pact followed. He was the same Liaquat Ali, whose craftiness
utterly frustrated and angered Patel in 1946. Patel had suffered two heart attacks
before. Yet, he flew to Calcutta to persuade Congress leaders of West Bengal to
accept Nehru-Liaquat Ali pact, which was not even worth the paper it was written on.
In 1956, Savarkar came to Pune, despite medical advice, to celebrate Lokamanya
Tilak’s birth centenary. He spoke on the grounds of the famous Shanivar Wada.
In 1957, Savarkar went to Delhi to commemorate the centenary of the 1857 war
against the British.
The year 1960 was a landmark in the life of Savarkar. He had been sentenced to
transportation for life twice December 1910. Had it been his misfortune to serve that
sentence in full, he would have been released on December 23, 1960. There were
celebrations throughout India in 1960-61. Savarkar’s health was very poor. He therefore
attended only one function in Pune. That was his last public appearance.
He started his speech with a few feeble words. He said, “I cannot speak for long.
I get severe pain in my stomach. But, you have gathered in such large numbers
to honour me that I felt obliged to attend.” Within one minute, his tone changed
and he spoke with full vigour as he used to voice the fire in him in his hey days.
The transformation was astonishing indeed.
अधिक वाचा (109 रेखा)
Savarkar was a true revolutionary and he always revolutionary and he always stood by what he wrote and never compromised with ‘adjustments’ ‘reforms’ and peaceful solutions, which, according to him, meant nothing. As a great scholar, full of originality and independent standing, he coined several new technical terms of parliamentary usage and of Indian parlance, such as chhayachitra (photography), Sansad (Senate), Vyangyachitra (Cartoons), etc.
He earnestly believed that Indian independence had become a reality not just because of a few individuals, leaders or sections of society. It had, been nade possible by the participation of the commoners, who prayed to their family deity every day. And the youngsters, who went to gallows to see their motherland free, were the greatest ‘Veeradhiveers’ as quoted by him.
In the year 1958, the Pune University granted the degree of Doctor of Letters to him. As Savarkar aged, he saw his grim prophecies coming true. China invaded India in 1962 and Pakistan attacked India in 1965. When the Indian Army entered Lahore, Savarkar rejoiced saying that the “best way to win a war was to carry it into the enemy’s land.”
On February 26, 1966, Veer Savarkar passed away at the ripe old age of 83.
Today Savarkar is referred in India, as the Brave (Veer) Savarkar and on the same level as Mahatma Gandhi, SUBHASH Chandra Bose and Tilak. The intellectuals, as well as the commoners in India, continue to debate what would have happened, if ideas of Savarkar were accepted by the nation, especially after freedom in 1947. A famous-General is said to have quoted Savarkar, after the Indians granted land to the Chinese in a military conflict in 1962,”…. Savarkar had advocated India, which would be militarily strong.”
A film on Savarkar was released recently. The film created a lot of ripples of excitement. It may be probably the first major venture to praise the pioneer of Hindutva ideology.
His house in Bhagur, 9 Kilometers away Nashik, is being preserved as National Monument by the Government of India.