माजी पंतप्रधान इंदिरा गांधी याचे काढलेले चित्र
माजी पंतप्रधान इंदिरा गांधी याचे काढलेले चित्र
INDEPENDENCE AND ROLE OF GANDHI
In the 1946 election for the Congress presidency, Patel stepped down in favor of Nehru at
therequest of Gandhi. The election’s importnce lied in the fact that the elected President
would lead free India’s first Government. Gandhi asked all 16 states representatives and
Congress to elect the right person and Sardar Patel’s name was proposed by 13 states
representatives out of 16, but Patel respected Gandhi’s request to not be the first prime
minister. As a Home Minister, Patel merged all pars of India under federal control but
Jammu and Kashmir was left out because of Nehru.
After the election of Nehru as the party’s president, Patel began directing the Congress
campaign for the general elections of the Constituent Assembly of India.
In the elections, the Congress won a large majority of the elected seats, dominating the
Hindu electorate. But the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah won a large
ajority of Muslim electorate seats. The League had resolved in 1940 to demand
Pakistan – an independent state for Muslims – and was a fierce critic of the
Congress. The Congress formed governments in all provinces save Sindh, Punjab
and Bengal, where it entered into coalitions with other parties.
SATYAGRAHA IN GUJARAT
Supported by Congress volunteers Narhari Parikh, Mohanlal Pandya and Abbas Tyabji,
Vallabhbhai Patel began a village-to-village tour in the Khead district, documenting
grievances and asking villagers for their support for a statewide revolt by refusing the
payment of taxes. Patel emphasised potential hardships with the need for complete
unity and non-violence despite any provocation. He received enthusiastic responses
from virtually every village.
When the revolt was launched and revenue refused, the government sent police and
intimidation squads to seize propeety, including confiscating barn animals and whole farms.
Patel organised a network of volunteers to work with individual villages–helping
them hide valuables and protect themselves during raids. Thousands of activists and
farmers were arrested, but Patel was not. The revolt began evoking sympathy and
admiration across India, including with pro-British Indian politicians.
The government agreed to negotiate with Patel and decided to suspend the payment
of rvenue for the year, even scaling back the rate. Patel emerged as a hero to Gujaratis
and admired across India. In 1920, he was elected president of the newly formed
Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee — he would serve as its President till 1945.
Patel supported Gandhi’s Non-cooperation movement and toured the state to recruit
more than 300,000 members and raise over Rs. 1.5 million in funds. Heping organise
bonfires of British goods in Ahmedabad, Patel threw in all his English-style clothes.
With his daughter Mani and son Dahya, he switched completely to wearing khadi.
Patel also supported Gandhi’s controversial suspension of resitance in wake of the
Chauri Chaura incident. He worked extensively in the ollowing years in Gujarat
against alcoholism, untouchability and caste discrimination, as well as for the
empowerment of women.
In the Congress, he was a resolute supporter of Gandhi gainst his Swarajist critics.
Patel was elected Ahmedabad’s municipal president in Ahmedabad was extended a
major supply of electricity and the school dystem underwent major reforms. rainage
and sanitation systems were exendd over all the city. He fought for the recognition
and payment of teachers employed in schools establihed by nationalists (outof Briish
control) and even took on sensitive Hind-Muslim Issues.
Sardar Patel personally led relief efforts in the aftermath of the intense torrental rainfall
in 1927, which had caued major floods in the city andin the kheda district and great
destrucion of life and property. He establihed refuge centres across the istrict, raised
volunteers, arrange for supply of food, medicines and cloting, as well as emergency
funds from the overnment and public.
When Gandhi was in prison, Sardar Patel was sked by Congressmen to lead the
satagraha in Nagpur in 1923 against a law banning the raising of the Indian flag.
He organised thousands of volunters from all over the country in processions hoisting
the flag. Patel negotiated a settement that obtained the release of all prisoners and
allowed nationalists to hoist the flag in public. Later that year, Patel and his allies
unovered evidence suggesting that the police were in league with local dacoits in the
government prepared to levy a major tax for fighting dacoits in the area.
More than 6,000 villagers assembled to hear Patel speak and suported theproposed
agitation against the tax, which was deemed immoral and unnecessary. He organised
hundreds of Congressmn, sent instructions and received information from across the dstrict.
Every village in the taluka resisted payment of the tax, and through cohesion, also prevented
the seizure of property and lands. After a protracted struggle, the government withdrew the tax.
Historians believe that one of Patel’s key achievements was the building of cohesion and trust
amongst the different castes and communities, which were divided on socio- economic lines.
In April 1928, Sardar Patel returned to the freedom struggle from his municipal duties in
Ahmedabad when Baroli suffered from a serious predicament of a famine and steep tax hike.
The revenue hike was steeper than it had been in kheda even though the famine covered a
large portion of Gujarat. After cross-examining and talking to village representatives,
emphasizing the potential hardship and eed for non-violence and cohesion, Patel initiated the
struggle – complete denial of taxes. Sardar Patel organised volunteers, camps and an information
network across affected areas.
The revenue refusal was stronger than in kheda and many sympathy satyagrahas were
undertaken across Gujarat. Despite arrests, seizures of property and lands, the stuggle
intensified. The situation reached a head in August, when through sympathetic
intermediaries, he negotiated a settlement repealing the tax hike, reinstating village
officials who had resigned in protest and the return of seized property and lands.
It was during the struggle and after the victory in Bardoli that Patel was increasingly
addressed by his colleagues and followers as Sardar.
Sardar Vall Bhai Patel was born on the 31st of October 1875, Gujarat. He was the fourth son
of Jhaverbhai and his wife Ladba Patel. They lived in the village of Karamsad, in the Kheda
disstrict where Jhaverbhai owned a homestead. Somabhai, Naraibhai and Vithalbhai Patel
(also a future political leader) were his elder brothers. He had a younger brother, Kashibhai
and a sister, Dahiba. As a young boy , Patel helped his father in the fields and bimonthly
kept a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water __ a cultural observance that
enabled him to develop physical toughness.
When he was seveenteenyears old, Patel’s marrage was arranged with Jhaverba, a young
girl of thirteen years from a nearby village. As per custom, the young bride would continue
to reside with her parents until her husband started earning and could establish their
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad, living self-sufficiently with
other boys. He reputedly cultivated a stoic character __ a popular anecdote recounts how
he lanced his own painful boil without hesitation, even as the barber supposed to it
Patel passed his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded
by his elders as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job. But Patel himself
harboured a plan __ he would study to become a lawyer, work and save funds, travel to
England and study to become a barrister.
Patel spent years away from his family, studying on his own with books borrowed from othet
lawyers and pssed examinations within two years. Fetching Jhaverba from her parents’ home,
Patel set up his household in Godhra and enrolled at thebar. During the many years it took
him to save money, Vallabhbhai __ now a pleader __ earned a reputation as a fierce and
His wife bore him a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904 and later a son, Dahyabhai, in 1906. Patel
also cared for a friend suffering from Bubonic Plague when it swept across Gujarat. When
Patel himself came down with the disease, he immediately sent his family to safety, left
his home and moved into n isolated house in Nadiad (by other accounts, Patl spent this
time in a dilapidated temple); there, he recovered slowly.
Patel practised law in Godhra, Borsad and Anand while taking on the finacial burdens of his
homestead in Karamsad. When he had saved enough for England and applied for a pass and
a ticket, they arrived in the name of “V. j. patel,” at Vithalbhai’s home, who bore the same
Having harboured his own plans to study in England, Vithalbhai remonstrated to his younger
brother that it would be disreputable for an older brother to follow his younger brother. In
keeping with concerns for his family’s honour, Patel allowed Vithalbhai to go in his place.
He also financeed his brother’s stay and began saving again for his own goals.
In 1909, Patel’s wife Jhaverba was hospitalised in Mumbai (than Bombay) to undergo a major
surgical operation for cancer. Her health suddenly worsened and despite successful emergency
surgery, she died in the hospital. Patel was given a note informing him of his wife’s demise as
he was cross-examining a witness in court. As per others who witnessed, Patel read the note,
pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness and won the case.
He broke the bews to others only after the proceedings had ended. Patel himself decided against
marrying again. He raised his children with the help of his family and sent them to English-medium
schools in Mumbai. At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple
Inn in London.
Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college
background. Returning to India, Patel setted in the city of Ahmedabad and became one of the city’s
most successful barristers. Wearing European-style clothes and urbane mannerisms, he also became
a skilled bridge player.
Patel nurtured ambitions to expand his practise and accumulate great wealth and to provide his children
with modern equcation. He had also made a pact with his brother Vithalbhai to support his entry into
politics in the Bombay Presidency, while Patel himself would remain in Ahmedabad and provide for
LEADING THE CONGRESS
As Gandhi embarked on the Dandi Salt March, Patel was arrested in the village of Ras and tried
without witnesses, with no lawyer or pressman allowed to attend. Patel’s arrest and Gandhi’s
subsequent arrest caused the Salt Satyagraha to gretly intensify in Gujarat — districts across
Gujarat launched an anti-tax rebellion until and unless Patel and Gandhi were released. Once
released, Patel served as interim Congress president, but was re-arrested while leading a
procession in Mumbai.
After the signing of the Gandhi-lrwin Pact, Patel was elected Congress president for its 1931
session in karachi — here the Congress ratified the pact, committed itself to the defence of
fundamental rights and human fredoms, and a vision of a secular nation, minimum wage and
the abolition of untouchability and serfdom.
Patel used his position as Congress president in organising the return of confiscated lands to
farmers in Gujarat. Upon the failure of the Round Table Conference in London, Gandhi and Patel
were arrested in Janury 1932 when the struggle re-opended, and imprisoned in the Yeravda Central
During this rerm of imprisonment, Patel and Gandhi grew close to each other, and the twodeveloped
a close bond of affection, trust, and frankness. Their mutual relationship could be described as that
of an elder brother — Gandhi — and his younger brother — Patel. Despite having arguments with
Gandhi, Patel respected his instincts and leadership.
During imprisonment, the two would discuss national and social issues, read Hindu epics and crack
jokes. Gandhi also taught Patel Sanskrit language. Gandhi’s secretary Mahadev Desai kept deailed
records of conversations between Gandhi and patel.
When Gandhi embarked on a fast-unto-death orotesting the separate electorates allocated for
untouchables, Patel looked after Gandhi closely and himself refrained from partaking of food.
Patel was later moved to a jail in Nasik, and refused a British offer for a brief release to attend
the cremation of his brother Vithalbhai, who had died in 1934. He was finally released in July of
the same year.
Patel headed Congress’s all-India election campaign in 1934 and 1937 — he would colled funds,
select candidates, determine the Congress stance on issues and opponents. Not contesting a seat
for himself, Patel nevertheless guided Congressmen elected in the provices and at the national level.
In 1935, Patel underwent surgery for hemorrhoids, yet guided efforts against plague in Bardoli and
again when a drought struck Gujarat in 1939.
Patel would guide the Congress ministries that had won power across India with the aim of preserviing
party discipline — Patel feared that the British would use opportunities to create conflicts among elected
Congressmen, and he did not want the party to be distracted from the goal of complete independence.
But Patel would clash with Nehru, opposing declartions of the adoption of socialism at the 1936 Congress
session, which he believed was a diversion from the main goal of achieving independence.
In 1938, Patel organized rank and file opposition to the attemps of then-Congess president Subhash Bose
to move away from andhi’s principles of non-violent resistance. Patel considered Bose to be authoritarian
and desirous of more power over the party. He led senior Conress leaders in a protest, which resulted in
But criticism arose from Bose’s supporters, socialists and other Congressmen that Patel himself was acting
in an authoritarian manner in his defense of Gandhi’s authority.
REMEMBERING SARDAR PATEL
Sardar Patel was a great patriot, who played a key role in arousing the national spirit of India
at a time when it was need the most He was a large-hearted man, full of wit and wisdom who
loved Gujarat as much as he loved India, and displayed respect for the heritage of his country
without being parochial.
Remembering the great soul of India, a movie has been made which has won worldwide acclain.
The film called ‘Sardar’ is taken from The last days of Sardar Patel, original film-script for Ketan
Mehta’s ‘Sardar’ by Vijay Dhondopant This biographical epic on Sardar Patel concentrates on
the last five years of Sardar’s life, from 1945 to 1950, when he strode on the national scene as
a key figure in wresting Indian independence and integrating the nation.
This film is a tribute to the Sardar’s inestimable contribution to the making of free India, a
memory that can stand us in good stead to face problems of India today and tomorrow. A
memory that must be cherished, for the loss of it could mean the loss of freedom so dear to
Indians. This three-hour feature film in colour is the result of indefatigable effort of over ten
years by Mr. H M. Patel, who was a close confidant of the Sardar and worked in several capacities
with him as Home Secretary, Cabinet Secretary, and even as a Secretary to him. The Foundation
for Films on India’s War of Independence is a trust started at his behest to produce films on the
subject of the fight for India’s Independence and the key players in this monumental saga.
The film features the well-known actor Paresh Rawal as Sardar Patel. Annu Kapoor as Mahatma
Gandhi, Benjamin Gilani as Jawraharlal Nehru, Sri Vallabh Vyas as Mohamad Ali Jinnah and Tom
Atler as Lord Mountbatten. The cast is in the thousands. The film tells the story as it happened.
It entertains as it educates us all. Ketan Mehta directed the film, and the music is by Vanaraj
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1. 11 ( नोव्हेंबर ) 2014
राजमान्य राजश्री नमस्कार
शुक्रवारी दिनांक तारिख 31 ला दुपारी 4 चार वाजता
एकदम चार पाच माकड आमच्या व्ह्र्हंडा मध्ये
मि बरेच फोटो काढले ति माकड पळत सूटली एक
कसा बस माकड याचा मला फोटो मिळाला मला
छान वाटत आहे खुश खूष माकड याचा मला फोटो मिळाला साठी मी
बाकि छान ठिक
27 .10 ( अक्टोबर ) 2014
कार्तिक शुध्द पक्ष विनायक चतुर्थी
दक्षिणायन शरद ऋतु सोमवार ४
नक्षत्र जेष्ठा योग शोभन करण वणिज
चंद्र राशीप्रवेश नं धनु
बाकी छान ठीक
1. 11 ( नोवेंबर ) 2014
निलांजन समाभासं रविपुत्र यमाग्रजम् |
छायामार्तंड संभूतं तं नमामि शनैश्चरम्
मला इंग्रजी आले नाहि साठि कॉलेज ची डिग्री मिळाली नाही
पण मुले मोठी झाली सतार शिकले संगीत जमले त्यात प्रगती केली
आता थोडे पार इंग्रजी येत असतांना मराठी संगणक करीत करत आहे
सांगायचं कारण एक अभ्यास आला नाही साठी नुसते बसून किंवा
हळ हळ करत करीत बसू नये नवीन काही शिकण्याचा प्रयत्न करावा
आपल्याला काय आवड आहे तसे करावे यश मिळते
मला मुलगे झाले संसार निट झाला
व आता मी संगणक मराठी लिखाण करून छान अभ्यास व वेळ
घालावीत आहे काही वेळेला लिहिलेले श्र्लोक परत परत लिहिले आहेत
कारण मनांत डोक्यात शिरतात आपण रोज तेच ते जेवण खातो
मीठ नसले तर जेवण जाणार नाही रोज मीठ खातो साठी
मधूनमधून तेच ते रांगोळी जप लिखाण मध्ये आहेत माझ्या पद्धतीने
माझा अभ्यास होत आहे रंग भरून लिहिले कि वेगळे शिकायला मिळते
त्याची तृप्तता मला मिळते व मी परत परत श्र्लोक लिहिते
स्मरण शक्ती या वय मध्ये राहते ७२ वय आहे बोट बसने मांडी घालून
सर्व क्रिया केल्या जातात
मला संगणक आले व मी ब्लॉग करते याचा स्वाभिमान तृप्तता
आहे असं महत्व पूर्वक आहे ७२ वय मराठी लिखाण याला संगणक
मध्ये दहावीपास पन्नास वर्ष पूर्वीचे
बाकि छान ठिक
राजमान्य राजश्री वमस्कार
वसुधालय ब्लॉग सुरु केल्या पासून
दिवाळी तं किल्ला किल्ले केलेले आहेत
ते सर्व किल्ले एकत्र दाखावित आहे
बाकि छान ठिक
1. 11( नोवेंबर ) 2014
राजमान्य राजश्री नमस्कार
धने याचे शनिवार लिहिले आहे
माती चि पणती दोन वाती कापुस तेल याचा दिवा दिवे
स्वस्ति श्री मन्नृप शालिवाहन शक १९३६ जयनाम संवत्सर
दक्षिणायन शरद ऋतु नक्षत्र धनिष्ठा योग गंड करण तैतिल
चंद्र राशिप्रवेश नं कुंभ युगादि कृष्मांड नवमी कोहळा दान करावा
दग्ध १७।०१ प ९ शनिवार
मी धने याचे अक्षर व रांगोळी काढले आहेत काम करतांना धने
याचा छान वास हाताला व घर मध्ये आला आहे
मस्त काम केले मी
फळ प्राणी इतर डिझाईन पेक्षा मला धान्य फुल याचे
प्रकार आवडतात मी वेळ व हौस साठी सर्व करीत करतं असते
बाकि छान ठिक